Shaken Baby Syndrome

Listed below are numerous articles which have been published during the last half-century relating to Shaken Baby Syndrome. Many of the more recent articles were written by experts in the field of pediatrics, radiology, neurology and biomedical engineering. Some of these experts are available for consultation and case review. All of the articles are available at Quackenbush Law Firm for client review and/or copying.

Shaken Baby Syndrome, as a medical diagnosis, has come under attack in recent years because of growing evidence of medical/scientific fraud used as the foundation of the diagnosis. A recent documentary, The Syndrome highlights the basis of the alleged fraud, and very clearly establishes scientific and medical proof to refute the theories on which the diagnosis was premised. Quackenbush Law Firm has actually worked with the experts appearing in The Syndrome. If you or a loved one have been accused of inflicting injuries on a child, which resulted in Shaken Baby Syndrome, you need an attorney who has extensive experience defending such cases. The risk of hiring an attorney with no experience, is a wrongful conviction and years behind bars, if not the death penalty. Call now for your free consultation 855-350-4024.


The Syndrome Documentary Film

On Shaken Baby is a blog by Sue Luttner that also contains valuable SBS information.

Bibliography Notebook #1

Adams, Gill. “Retinal Hemorrhages Not Always Sign of Child Abuse.” Journal of Radiology (2006): 1-10.

Amaya, Mia M.D. “Shaken Baby Syndrome and the Death of Matthew Eappen.” Shaken Syndrome (2000): 1-3.

Arbogast, Kristy. “Initial Neurologic Presentation in Young Children Sustaining Inflicted and
Unintentional Fatal Head Injuries.” Pediatrics (2005): 180-184.

Barnes, Patrick M.D. “Imaging of the Cause Nervous System in Suspected or Alleged Non- accidental Injury, Including the Mimics.” Original Article (2007): 53-74.

Barnes, Patrick M.D. “Ethical Issues in Imaging Non-accidental Injury: Child Abuse.” Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (2002): 85-94.

Bernat, James. “The New England Journal of Medicine.” The Boundaries of Organ Donation after Circulatory Death (2008): 669-671.

Boucek, Mark, Christine Mashburn and Susan Dunn. “Pediatric Heart Transplantation after Declaration of Cardio circulatory Death.” The New England Journal of Medicine (2008): 709-714.

Caffey, John M.D. “On the Theory and Practice of shaking Infants.” American Journal of Diseases of Children (1972): 161-169.

—. “The Whiplash Shaken Infant Syndrome.” Pediatrics (1974): 396-403. Case, Mary M.D., et al. “National Association of Medical Examiners Ad Hoc Committee on Shaken Baby
Syndrome.” Position Paper on Fatal Abusive Head Injuries in Infants and Young Children (2008): 135.

Chadwick, David M.D., et al. “Shaken Baby Syndrome a Forensic Pediatric Response.” Letters to the Editor (1997): 321-323.

Clemetson, Alan M.D. “Is it “Shaken Baby,” or Barlow’s Disease Variant?” Journal of American Physicians and Surgeons (2004): 78-80. Article.

Davis, Gregory. “Positon Paper Renewal.” Shaken Baby Syndrome (2006): 1-2. Email.

Denton, Scoot M.D. and Darinka M.D. PhD Mileusnic. “Delayed Sudden Death in an Infant Following an Accidental Fall.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine Pathology (2003): 371-376. Case Report.

Dimaio, Vincent. “Shaken Baby Syndrome. “Position Paper (2002): 1. Email.

Duhaime, Ann-Christine M.D., et al. “Non-accidental Head Injury in Infants.” The New England Journal of Medicine (1998): 1822-1829. Document.

Duhaime, Ann-Christine, et al. “A Clinical Pathological and Biomechanical Study.” Neurosurg (1987): 409-415. Document.

Duncan, Mathew M.D. “Laboratory Note: On the Tensile Strength of the Fresh Adult Fetus.” The British Medical Journal (1874): 763-764. Document.

Ericson, Kaj, et al. “Computed Tomography of Cranial Subdural and Epidural Hematomas: Variation of Attenuation Related to Time and Clinical Events Such as Rebleeding.” Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography (1977): 449-455.

Gages, Lord. “Approved Judgment.” Court of Appeals (2005): 1-51.

Huntington, Robert. “Symptoms Following Head Injury.” Letters to the Editor (2002): 105-106.

Kohlmeier, R.E. “Chronic Lead Poisoning: Induced Psychosis in an Adult?” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2002): 101-106.

Lavin, Arthur M.D. “Recognizing Abusive Head Trauma in Children.” American Medical Association (199): 1421-1422.

Leestma, Jan. “Position Paper.” Shaken Baby Syndrome (2001): 1. Email.

Margulies, Susan and Kirk Thibault. “Infant Skull and Suture Properties: Measurements and Implications for Mechanisms of Pediatric Brain Injury.” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering (2000): 364-371.

N/A. “Order and Opinion.” (2006): 1-24.

—. “Shaken Baby Syndrome: Rotational Cranial Injuries.” American Academy of Pediatrics (2001): 206-210.

Neely, Daniel, et al. “Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Journal of AAPOS (2007): 84-85.

Omalu, Bennet M.D. “Diagnosis of Traumatic Diffuse Axonal Injury.” Letters to the Editor (2004): 270-271. Document.

Pless, John M.D. “Shaken Baby Syndrome.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (1998): 2-8.

Plunkett, John. “Fatal Pediatric Head Injuries Caused by Short-Distance Falls.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2001): 1-12.

Plunkett, John M.D. and Michael PhD Plunkett. “Physiologic Periosteal Changes in Infancy.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (1999): 213-216.

Plunkett, John M.D. “Serum Tests for Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency.” Serum Tests for Diagnosis of Iron Deficiency (1990): 1-2.

—. “Serum Tests for Diagnosis of Iron Syndrome.” College of American Pathologists (1985): 1-21.

—. “Sudden Death in an Infant Caused by Rupture of Basilar Artery Aneurysm.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (1999): 211-214.

Plunkett, John. “Position Paper.” Shaken Baby Syndrome (2003): 1-3. Email.

—. “Recent Trail Experience.” Shaken Baby Syndrome (2001): 1. Email.

—. “Resuscitation Injuries Complicating the Interpretation of Premortal Trauma and Natural Disease in Children.” American Academy of Forensic Sciences (2005): 127-130.

—. “Shaken baby Syndrome.” Child Abuse & Neglect (1998): 943-946. Letter.

—. “Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Letter to the Editor (2000): 198-199.

—. “Shaken Baby Syndrome and the Death of Matthew Eappen.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (1999): 17-21.

Rawlinson, Jayawant, et al. “Subdural Hemorrhages in Infants: Population Based Study.” British Medical Journal (2008): 1558-1561.

Schutzman, Sara and David Greenes. “Pediatric Minor Head Trauma.” Annals of Emergency Medicine (2001): 65-74.

Schutzman, Sara, Patrick Barnes and Anne-Christine Duhaime. “Evaluation and Management of Children Younger Than Two Years Old With Apparently Minor Head Trauma.” Pediatrics (2001): 983-993.

“Shaken Babies. “The Lancet (1998): 335. Article.

Starling, Suzanne, et al. “Analysis of Perpetrator Admissions to Inflicted Traumatic Brain Injury in Children.” Pediatrics (2004): 454-458.

Strauss, Kevin, et al. “Type I Glutamic Aciduria.” American Journal of Medical Genetics (2003): 1-15.

Sunderland, Robert. “Archives of Disease in Childhood.” The Journal of the Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health (1997): 393-397.

Tongue, Andrea. “The Ophthalmologist’s Roll in Diagnosing Child Abuse.” Ophthalmology (1991): 1009-1010.

Towner, Dena, et al. “Effect of Mode of Delivery in Nulliparous Women on Neonatal Intracranial Injury.” The New England Journal of Medicine (1999): 1709-1714.

Troung, Robert and Franklin Miller. “The Dead Donor Rule and Organ Transplantation.” The New England Journal of Medicine (2008): 674-675.

Uscinski, Ronald. “Shaken Baby Syndrome: An Odyssey.” Neurologia Medico Chirurgical (2006): 57-61.

—. “Shaken Baby Syndrome: Fundamental Questions.” British Journal of Neurosurgery (2002): 217-219.

Veatch, Robert. “Donating Hearts after Cardiac Death Reversing the Irreversible.” The New England Journal of Medicine (2008): 672-673.

Whitby, E H. “Frequency and Natural History of Subdural Hemorrhages in Babies and Relation to Obstetric Factors.” The Lancet (2003): 846-2002.

Willey, Ed. “Position Paper on Shaken Baby.” Minnesota Regional Corner’s Office (1998): 1-4. Letter.
Bibliography Notebook #2

Benady, Susannah. “Interpreting Shaken Baby Evidence Difficult.” Medical Post Online (2004): 1-2. Article.

“Child Maltreatment.” The Co-occurrence of Child Maltreatment and Domestic Violence: Examining Both Neglect and Child Physical Abuse (2002): 340-348. Document.

Coats, Brittany. “Anthropomorphic Simulations of Falls, Shakes, and Inflicted Impacts in Infants.” Neurosurg (2003): 143-150. Article.

Derrick, Sharon PhD. “Child Fatality Review Team.” Child Fatality Report (2003): 3-28. Report.

Dohohoe, Mark MD. “Evidence-Based Medicine and Shaken Baby Syndrome.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2003): 239-242. Review.

Eappen, Matthew. “Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Letters to the Editor (2000): 198-199. Review.

Fanu, James. “Wrongful Diagnosis of Child Abuse- A Master Theory.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (2005): 249-254. Document.

Geddes, J.F., et al. “Neuropathology of Inflicted head Injury in Children.” Brain (2001): 1299- 1306. Document.

—. “Neuropathology of Inflicted Head Injury in Children Patterns of Brain Damage.”
Brain (2001): 1290- 1298. Document.

Goldsmith, Werner PhD and John Plunkett. “A Biomechanical Analysis of the Causes of Traumatic Brain Injury in Infants and Children.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine Pathology (2004): 89- 100. Review.

Greenes, David and Sara Schutzman. “Occult Intracranial Injury in Infants.” Annals of Emergency Medicine (1998): 680-686. Document.

Guthkelch, A.N. “Infantile Subdural Hematoma and its Relationship to Whiplash Injuries.” British Medical Journal (1971): 430-431. Article.

Hwang, Sung and Kim Seung. “Infantile Head Injury with Special Reference to the Development of Chronic Subdural Hematoma.” Child’s Nerve System (2000): 590-594. Article.

Hymel, Jenny, Lavin Arthur MD and Ritzen Reinert. “Recognizing Abusive Head Trauma in Children.” Analysis of Missed Cases of Abusive Head Trauma (1999): 1421-1422. Document.

Hymel, Kent, Carole Jenny and Robert Block. “Intracranial Hemorrhage and Rebleeding in Suspected Victims of Abusive Head Trauma: Addressing the Forensic Controversies.” Child Maltreatment (2002): 329-348. Document.

Jenny, Carole MD, et al. “Analysis of Missed Cases of Abusive Head Trauma.” The Journal of the American Medical Association (1999): 621-626. Document.

Kassin, Saul, Christian Meissnr and Rebecca Norwick. “I’d Know False Confession if I saw one.” A Comparative Study of College Students and Police Investigators (2005): 211-227. Article.

Kazuhiko, Kibayashi, Shojo Hideki and Sumida Tomomi. “Dural Hemorrhage of The Tentorium On Postmortem Cranial Computed Tomographic Scans in Children.” Forensic Science International (2004): 206-209. Article.

Kohlmeier, R.E. M.D. “Chronic Lead Poisoning: Induced Psychosis in an Adult.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2002): 101-106. Letter.

Lantz, P E, et al. “Perivascular Retinal Folds From Childhood Head Trauma.” Shaken Baby Syndrome (2004): 754-756. Journal.

Lantz, Patrick M.D. and G.G.W. Adams. “Postmortem Monocular Indirect Ophthalmoscopy.” Journal of Forensic Sciences (2005): 1-3. Article.

Leestma, Jan E. MD MM. “Do Confessions by Alleged Perpetrators Validate the Concept. “Shaken Baby Syndrome” (2006): 14-16. Document.

Leestma, Jan MD MM. “Case Analysis of Brian-Injured Admittedly Shaken Infants.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2005): 199-212. Article.

Leventhal, John MD. “The Challenges of Recognizing Child Abuse.” Seeing is believing (1999): 657-659. Document.

Lindenburg, Richard M.D. and Freytag Baltimore. “Morphology of Brain Lesions from Blunt Trauma in Early Infancy.” Brain Lesions (1969): 298-305. Article.

Looney, Christopher BS, et al. “Intracranial Hemorrhage in Asymptomatic Neonates.” Prevalence on MR Images and Relationship to Obstetric and Neonatal Risk Factors (2007): 535-541. Document.
Lyons, Genie. “A Questionable Scientific Syndrome and a Dangerous Legal Concept.” Utah Law Review (2003): 1-22. Article.
Madera, Marek. “Changes in Cerebral Hemodynamics Assessed by Transcranial Doppler Ultrasonography in Children after Head Injury.” Child’s Nerve System (2002): 124-128. Brief.

Magnets, Pahor and Day Bates. “Wrongful Diagnosis of Child Abuse.” Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine (2005): 386-387. Document.

Mavroforou, Anna. “Shaken Adult Syndrome Revisited.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2003): 310-311. Review.

Mawbey, Brough and Close Wilcox. “Wrongful Diagnosis of Child Abuse.” A Master Theory (2005): 252- 253. Journal.

Mayumi, Prins and David Hovda. “Developing Experimental Models to Address Traumatic Brain Injury in Children.” Journal of Neurotrauma (2003): 123-137. Review.

Nelson, Severn. “Could Vitamin C Deficiency Have a Role in Shaken Baby Syndrome?” Pediatrics International (2004): 753-755. Article.

Ommaya, A.K. and Goldsmith. “Biomechanics and Neuropathology of Adult and Pediatric Head Injury.” British Journal of Neurosurgery (2002): 220-242. Review.

P, Luthert. “Why Do Histology on Retinal Hemorrhages in Suspected Non-Accidental Injury.” Histopathology (2003): 592-602. Expert Opinion.

Piatt, Joseph. “External Hydrocephalus, Subdural Hematoma, and Retinal Hemorrhages.” A Pitfall in the Diagnosis of Child Abuse (1999): 1-7. Document.

Pittman, Thomas. “Significance of a Subdural Hematoma in a Child with External Hydrocephalus.” Pediatric Neurosurgery (2003): 57-59. Document.

Plunkett, John. Infant Injury Evaluation. Amarillo, 25 04 2005. Email.

Plunkett, John M.D. “Shaken Adult Syndrome.” Shaken Adult Syndrome (1997): 321-324. Case Report.

Plunkett, John. “Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Letters to the Editor (1999): 301. Review.

Pope, James. “Inflicted Head Injury in Infants.” Forensic Science International (2003): 83-88. Research.

Rajakumar, Kumaravel. “Pediatrics.” American Academy of Pediatrics (2008): 1-4. Document.
Smith, C., et al. “Dural Hemorrhage in Non-traumatic Infant Deaths: Does it explain the Bleeding in “Shaken Baby Syndrome?” Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology (2003): 411- 413. Scientific Correspondence.

Spivack, Betty and Henry Krous. “Case Analysis of Brain-Injured Admittedly Shaken Infants.” The American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology (2006): 363. Document.

Vicent, J.M. “The Shaken-Baby Syndrome.” The New England Journal of Medicine (1998): 1-3. Correspondence.

Wilikins, Barry. “A Nuts and Bolts Approach to Litigating the Shaken Baby or Shaken Impact Syndrome.” Military Review (2006): 1-37. Review.

Zimmerman, Rachel. “Birth Trauma: Stress Disorder Afflicts Moms.” Treating Mothers for PTSD (2008): 1-2.


Bibliography Notebook #3

Anderson, Mark. “Does Shaken Baby Syndrome Really Exist.” Discover Magazine (2008): 1-8. Article.

BARRETT, BETH. “Many Experts Have Discredited Shaken Baby Syndrome. So Why Is Maria Mendez Still in Prison?” LA Weekly (2013): 1-12. Article.
Burg, Rachel. “Un-Convicting the Innocent: The Case for Shaken Baby Syndrome Review Panels.” University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform (2012): 657-694. Research.

Cenziper, Debbie. “Prosecutors Build Murder Cases on Disputed Shaken Baby Syndrome Diagnosis.” Shaken Science (2015): 1-51. Research.
Connolly, Caroline. “Controversy Surrounds Shaken Baby Syndrome Diagnoses.”

Fox 13 News (2015): 1-13. Article.
Findley, Keith. “Litigating Post conviction Challenges Convictions.” CO-Director, Wisconsin Innocence Project (2004): 1-48. Project.
Gorman, Steve. “Shaken Baby Syndrome Questioned in Court Cases.” Medpage

Today (2016): 1-3. Article.
HABERMAN, CLYDE. “Shaken Baby Syndrome: A Diagnosis That Divides the Medical World.” Retro Report (2015): 1-4. Article.
Hoffberger, Chase. “Appeal Rests On New Research Into Shaken Baby Syndrome.”

The Austin Chronicle (2016): 1-2. Article.
Huff, Ethan. “Shaken Baby Syndrome Often Caused By Vaccines, Not Parents.”

Natural News (2013): 1-2. Article.
Ifill, Gwen. “When Babies Die, a Disputed Diagnosis Sends Parents to Prison for Abuse.” PBS

News Hour (2015): 1-5. Article.
LAVOIE, DENISE. “Man Convicted in Shaken Baby Syndrome Case Gets New Trial.” Houston Chronicle (2016): N/A. Article.
Levin, Angela. “At Least Half of All Parents Tried Over Shaken Baby Syndrome Have Been Wrongly Convicted, Expert Warns.”

Daily Mail (2011): 1-32. Article.
Littlefield, Dana. “Shaken Baby: Accident or Abuse?” Sandie Gounion Tribune
(2015): 1-10. Article.
Morre, Elizabeth. “Why Shaken Baby Syndrome is dividing the Medical World.”

Newsletter (2015): 1-2. Article.
Mount, Bonnie. “Special Report: Doctors Doubt Shaken Baby Syndrome Science, Fear Bad Convictions.” Daily Herald (2015): 1-10. Report.

N/A. “Medill Justice Project Watchdog Databases.” Medill Justice Project (2016): 1-6. Article.
—. “Protecting Innocent Families.” Protecting Innocent Families (2016): 1-15. Article.

Shapiro, Joseph. “Rethinking Shaken Baby Syndrome.” Houston Public Media News (2011): 1- 7. Article.

Squier, Waney. “World Re-owned Neuropathologist has Career Destroyed for Disproving Shaken Baby Syndrome.”

Health Impact News (2016): 1-2. Article.
Strutin, Ken. “Shaken Baby Syndrome: A Differential Diagnosis of Justice.”

Law and Technology Resources for Legal Professionals
(2015): 1-2. Article.
Tuerkheimer, Deborah. ”Finally, a Judge Calls Shaken Baby Diagnosis an “Article of Faith”.”

THE LAW, LAWYERS, AND THE COURT. (2014): 1-6. Article.

The Syndrome Documentary Film